Channel Add

Past perfect tense (Di’li geçmiş zaman) S+HAD+VERB3

KONUMUZ
UNIT 33: Past perfect tense
(Di’li geçmiş zaman)

UNIT 33 Past perfect tense (Di’li geçmiş zaman)
Geçmişteki tek bir olaydan bahsedeceğimizde simple past kullanırız. Past perfect ise ,TEK BAŞINA KULLANILMAZ.
Mesela bir eylem SIMPLE PAST TENSE ILE anlatıldıysa, ONDAN DAHA ÖNCEKI başka bir eylem de bu tense ile anlatılabilir.
Kısacası, bu tense her zaman referansı ile birlikte kullanılır.


After the man had come home he fed the lion.



Past perfect tense’in cümle yapısı
OLUMLU OLUMSUZ SORU
I had played I had not played I hadn't played Had I played?
You had played You had not played You hadn't played Had you played?
He/she/it had played He had not played He hadn't played Had he played?
We had played We had not played We hadn't played Had we played?
You had played You had not played You hadn't played Had you played?
They had played They had not played They hadn't played Had they played?

1. Past perfect tense, geçmişte gerçekleşen iki yada daha fazla eylemden önce yapılanı ifade etmek için kullanılır.
Geçmişte gerçekleşen iki olay düşünün; daha önce gerçekleşen olay past perfect ile anlatılır.

He had washed the car before he came to home.
(O, eve gelmeden önce arabayı yıkamıştı)

Geçmişte iki olay gerçekleşiyor. İlk gerçekleşen eylem arabayı yıkaması ve ikinci eylem eve gelmesi.



2. Past perfect tense, geçmişle ilgili konuşurken already, just, never, until gibi zarflar ile kullanılabilir.

I had already signed up for the trip before I broked my arm.
(Kolumu kırmadan önce gezi içim çoktan kaydımı yaptırmıştım)

I had just arrived in Turkey and I had no idea what I have to do.
(Türkiye’ ye yeni varmıştım ve ne yapmam konusunda bir fikrim yoktu)



3. Past perfect tense ile geçmişte başlayıp ve yine geçmişte biten eylemler anlatılır. Since ve For gibi zarflar kullanılır.
Since ve For eylemin ne kadar sürdüğünü anlatmak için kullanılır.

I had lived in Ankara for five years before I came to İstanbul.
(İstanbul’a gelmeden önce Ankara’da beş yıl yaşamıştım)

First the patient died. Then the doctor arrived

The patient had died when the doctor arrived (Doktor vardığı zaman,hasta ölmüştü)

The woman had died until the doctor arrived. (Doktor varana kadar kadın ölmüştü.)

We had had that car for ten years before it broke down. (Bu araba bozulmadan önce on yıl bizimdi.)

When Sam was born, I had been a doctor for 10 years. (Sam doğduğunda, ben 10 yıllık doktordum.)

I had never seen such a nice beach before I went to Side. (Side’ye gitmeden önce böyle güzel bir sahil görmemiştim.)

Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 1992? (1992 yılındaki seyahatinden önce hiç Amerika’ya gitmiş miydin?)

Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before in 1988. (Evet, 1998’den önce Amerika’da bulunmuştum.)

When I got home yesterday, my mother had already cooked the dinner. (Dün eve vardığımda, annem yemeği yapmıştı.)

By the time we got to the theatre, the play had already started. (Tiyatroya vardığımızda, oyun başlamıştı.)

present perfect past perfect
The bike is new. I've bought it. The bike was new. I had bought it.

Past perfect with AFTER , BEFORE
After she had closed the door, she started to tell us the truth.
Before he took a shower, he had run 2 kilometers.

WHEN+ simple past, past perfect
When his mother arrived, Paul had finished the game

When Sarah arrived at the party, Paul had already gone home.

When I arrived home, Linda had left

When we got home last night, we found that somebody had broken into the flat.

I hadn't known the bad news when I spoke to him.



Exercise "past tense or past perfect tense"

Before the dog came into the house, she had finished the housework.

The meeting was at nine o'clock. When I arrived at ten, the meeting had finished.

When we got to the airport, I realized that I had left my passport at home.

He didn't realize that he had gone through a red light, until a policeman stopped him.

They didn't want to go to the cinema because they had seen the film the week before.

When Ron arrived, the party had already begun.
Using past perfect tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets.

1. Before we arrived at school the classes had started (start) .

2. I felt exhausted because I ......had run................. (run) ten miles.

3. He ... had studied ............. (study) that book before he arrived in Pakistan.

4. Before we got there they ..... had begun ............. (begin) the show.

5. He .... had finished ...............





ingilizce eğitim